Foot pain

Most people don’t think much about their feet until they hurt or give you trouble. Foot problems can arise after doing a lot of shopping or an entire day of standing and walking at work. Wearing high heels, new shoes or doing new activities also contributes to foot problems
Foot problems

There are a lot of different foot problems:

  • Foot pain (general pain in the foot)
  • Arch pain (pain under the arch of the foot)
  • Ball of the foot pain
  • Stone bruise (a deep bruise of the fat pad of the heel or ball of the foot)
  • Heel pain
  • Heel spur (abnormal growths of bone on the bottom of your heel)
  • Pain on the foot’s outer edge
  • Swollen feet
  • Swollen feet during pregnancy
  • Sore feet
  • Burning and hot feet

 

As we age, foot pain will occur more often. The natural fat pad on the soles of the feet begins to thin, plus our feet widen and flatten. The skin on our feet also becomes dryer. Foot pain in older people may also be the first sign of arthritis, diabetes, and circulatory disease.

Women are at higher risk than men for severe foot pain, most likely because of high- heeled shoes. Severe foot pain appears to be a major cause of general disability in older women. Pregnant women have an increased risk of aching feet due to weight gain, swelling in their feet and ankles, and the release of certain hormones that cause ligaments to relax.

Foot pain  

Feet, hey carry you the whole day and every day. You may not think much about your feet until they hurt. And when they do, you want relief. The main symptom of foot pain is a painful, dull, aching or burning sensation in the feet. There can also be a sense of tiredness, heaviness and swelling in the feet and also the legs.

To get the right treatment, you need to know the problem. Foot pain is general pain in the foot. The first thing to consider is where your pain is located. If you know where the pain is located, you know which kind of foot problem belongs to your complain:

  • Arch pain (pain under the arch of the foot)
  • Ball of the foot pain
  • Stone bruise (a deep bruise of the fat pad of the heel or ball of the foot)
  • Heel pain
  • Heel spur (abnormal growths of bone on the bottom of your heel)
  • Pain on the foot’s outer edge
  • Swollen feet
  • Swollen feet during pregnancy
  • Sore feet
  • Burning and hot feet
Arch pain

Arch pain is the term used to describe symptoms that occur under the arch of the foot. When a patient has arch pain they usually have inflammation of the soft-tissues within the midfoot. A tight band of tissue that connects the heel bone to the toes called the plantar fascia forms the arch of the foot. This band of tissue is important in proper foot mechanics and transfer of weight from the heel to the toes. When the tissue of the arch of the foot becomes irritated and inflamed, even simple movements can be quite painful.

Arch pain is called plantar fasciitis, it can affect the heel, arch, or both. Treatment is rest and stretching to relax the muscle on the foot regardless of the location. For persistent plantar fasciitis visit your doctor, a podologist or physiotherapist.

Fallen arches, or flat feet, happen when the arches of the feet flatten out (often when standing or walking), causing foot pain and other problems. Flat feet can be treated with shoe inserts, shoe adjustments, rest, ice, using a walking cane or brace, or physical therapy. Sometimes surgery is necessary.

Ball of Foot Pain

Metatarsalgia. You feel this pain and inflammation in the ball of your foot. Ill-fitting shoes are the usual cause. But you might get it from strenuous activity, such as running or jumping. It’s sometimes called a stone bruise as well.

To treat it:

  1. Take pain relievers.
  2. Ice and rest your foot.
  3. Wear comfortable footwear.
  4. Try shoe inserts to relieve pressure on the ball of your foot.
Stone Bruise

A stone bruise is a deep bruise of the fat pad of the heel or ball of the foot. It’s often from an impact injury, but it can also happen after stepping on a hard object. The pain feels like you’re walking on a pebble. It will gradually go away on its own.

Treatment:

  1. Rest your foot.
  2. Ice the area.
  3. Take over-the-counter pain relievers.
Heel Pain

If your pain is in your heel, you may have plantar fasciitis. That’s an irritation or inflammation of the band of tough tissue connecting the heel bone to the toes. Usually, it hurts the worst in the morning when you’re getting out of bed. You can feel it in your heel or in your arch.

To treat it:

  1. Rest your foot.
  2. Do heel and foot muscle stretches.
  3. Take over-the-counter pain relievers.
  4. Wear shoes with good arch support and a cushioned sole.
Heel spurs

Heel spurs are another source of foot pain. These are abnormal growths of bone on the bottom of your heel. You can get them from wearing the wrong shoes or from an abnormal walk or posture, or even from activities like running. The spurs may hurt while you’re walking or standing. Lots of people have them, but most don’t have pain. People with flat feet or high arches are more likely to have painful heel spurs.

To treat them:

  1. Wear a cutout heel pad.
  2. Use a custom-made insert (called an orthotic) worn in the shoe.
  3. Wear shoes that fit well and have shock-absorbing soles.
  4. Take over-the-counter pain relievers.
  5. Rest your foot.
  6. Try physical therapy.

If you still have pain, ask your doctor about medical procedures.

Pain on the foot's outer edge

The outer edge of your foot, the fifth metatarsal bone, is a commonly broken bone in the foot. Pain, swelling, and bruising along the outer foot edge after an injury are symptoms. If you think you may have broken a bone, see a doctor and have an X-ray.

Home treatment:

  1. Take pain relievers.
  2. Rest, ice, and elevate your foot.
  3. Don’t walk on it.
  4. Ask your doctor for advise if the pain remains.
  5. A cast may be necessary in some circumstances.
Foot care and treatment    

Foot care often gets forgotten or neglected. Yet it takes only few minutes of a daily routine. That's why we came up with a whole line of foot care products to treat and prevent callus and cracked heel or to simply moisturize and spoil your feet but also treat heel and foot pains - have baby soft feet all year round. Footner - your foot care specialist.

In most cases, foot problems can be eliminated with a little TLC during the times when you are not up and around. The most common cause of foot problems is overuse. If you have no choice but to be on your feet, you may benefit from shoes that offer more support, foot and ankle stability, and protection. Before purchasing shoes get advised by a specialist. 

In most cases, a simple treatment plan, based on the severity and cause of the foot pain, can be purchased over-the-counter. Here is a collection of some of the most common treatment options for foot pain:

  • RICE method (rest, ice, compression and elevation)
  • Over-the-counter medication to reduce pain
  • Massage
  • Stretching exercises (Plantar Fasciitis)
  • Water-type exercises such as swimming
  • Weight loss
  • Soaking feet in warm water

 

You can often treat the symptoms with easy foot care, and simple pain treatments.