Swollen feet

Have you ever looked down at your ankles and feet, first not recognizing them as your own, then, realizing they are swollen? Whether from long days on your feet, travel or surgery, it happens. Swollen feet are common and usually not cause for concern, particularly if you have been standing or walking a lot. For pregnant women, it is almost inevitable.
Swollen feet                

Swelling in your ankles and feet is uncomfortable, and sometimes it keeps you from moving freely. But, there are several ways to relieve swelling from everyday causes — and sometimes you can even prevent it.  Swelling happens when your body retains fluid in the lower legs, ankles and feet. It most often occurs on both sides of the body, and it’s not an emergency situation.

Swollen feet during pregnancy

Some swelling of the ankles and feet is normal during pregnancy. For pregnant women, it is almost inevitable. But sudden or excessive swelling, however, may be a sign of preeclampsia, a serious condition in which high blood pressure and protein in the urine develop after the 20th week of pregnancy. If you experience severe swelling or swelling accompanied by other symptoms such as abdominal pain, headaches, infrequent urination, nausea and vomiting, or vision changes, call your doctor immediately.

An injury to the foot or ankle can lead to swelling. The most common is a sprained ankle, which occurs when an injury or misstep causes the ligament that holds the ankle in place, to be stretched beyond their normal range. To reduce the swelling from a foot or ankle injury, rest, avoid walking on the injured ankle or foot, use ice packs, wrap the foot or ankle with compression bandage, and elevate the foot on a stool or pillow. 

But feet and ankles that stay swollen or are accompanied by other symptoms could signal a serious health problem. If swelling and pain is severe or doesn't improve with home treatment, see your doctor. If you suspect swelling may be related to a drug you are taking, speak to your doctor. Although the benefits of the drug may be worth enduring some swelling, more severe swelling could make it necessary to change the medication or its dosage.

Simple changes that help you reduce or avoid swelling

You can make small changes to your everyday life to help reduce swelling:.

  • Take a short walk every hour.
  • Drink enough. Drinking less actually promotes swelling.
  • Limit your salt intake.
  • Elevate your legs and feet at night.
  • Little evidence exists to support using essential oils to reduce swelling.
Sore feet   

Sore feet are a very common. Sore feet can make things such as standing, walking, running, dancing, or working extremely difficult. There is a long list of reasons why you may be experiencing sore feet. Some causes are simple and require simple fixes, while others are more complicated and require more complex treatment. Sore feet are sometimes a symptom of an underlying problem or condition.

Feet can become sore due to overuse, or due to a condition such as plantar fasciitis or bunions. The soreness may be felt in the arch, in the ball of the foot, or in the heel. Depending on the cause of the soreness, additional symptoms may be present.

The most common causes of sore feet, based on region at the heel are plantar fasciitis, heel spurs, calluses, and dry, cracked heels. At the arch of the foot: flat feet, pes planus or fallen arches, plantar warts, metatarsalgia, pes cavus, and overpronation. Toe pain are usually cause by: a broken toe, bunions, hallux rigidus, turf toe, and hallux limitus. Pain located at the ball of foot: metatarsalgia and Morton’s neuroma. There are simple causes for a sore foot. Overuse, improper footwear or ill-fitting footwear, new shoes, due to ageing, obesity, pregnancy, muscle strain, foot trauma, sports injury, ligament strain and flat feet are the most common causes.

There are some symptoms you should pay attention. Those symptoms are redness, tenderness to the touch, symptoms of inflammation, aching, dull pain, pain felt in other areas of the body, such as ankles, knees, hips or back. Also, continued difficulty in walking and wearing shoes are a sign to pay attention to and see a doctor.

This section focuses on the more common causes of sore feet, and it is not at all complete. There are many different causes of sore feet, so if you are experiencing this problem chronically, it is important that you seek medical attention from a doctor or a podologist for a proper diagnosis. Finding the underlying cause will enable you to minimize or eliminate the soreness in your feet. Soreness in feet can be caused by any of the twenty-six bones, thirty-three joints, or the more than 100 muscles, ligaments, and tendons in the foot.

More serious causes for sore feet include: foot fracture, broken foot, sprained ankle, arthritis, ankle strain, bunions, plantar warts, bone tumor, Koehler’s disease, Athlete’s foot, tendonitis, achilles tendonitis, diabetic foot, blocked arteries, foot ulcer, metatarsalgia, gout, foot disorder, foot deformity, plantar fasciitis, Morton’s neuroma, nerve entrapment, diabetes, Tarsal tunnel syndrome.

In most cases, sore feet can be eliminated with a little TLC during the times when you are not up and around. The most common cause of a sore foot is overuse. If you have no choice but to be on your feet, you may benefit from shoes that offer more support, foot and ankle stability, and protection. Before purchasing shoes get advise of a specialist.

 

In most cases, a simple treatments plan, based on the severity and cause of the soreness, can be purchased over-the-counter. Here is a collection of some of the most common treatment options for sore feet:

  • RICE method (rest, ice, compression and elevation)
  • Over-the-counter medication to reduce pain
  • Massage
  • Stretching exercises (Plantar Fasciitis)
  • Water-type exercises such as swimming
  • Weight loss
  • Soaking feet in warm water

 

Treatment options for sore feet can also be used as preventive measures. Performing stretching exercises before going to bed and before getting out of bed in the morning, and before and after any type of exercise routine can prevent sore feet by allowing the muscles to warm up before the start of day or exercise.

If you are gaining weight for reasons other than pregnancy, you can also try to prevent sore feet and additional symptoms by losing weight in a healthy way.